Congenital anomalies are the problems that occur in the physical appearance of the baby due to hereditary disease, exposure to radiations, deformity in the mother’s womb during the development process of the fetus in the mother’s womb.
These congenital anomalies can sometimes be harmless, but sometimes develop into heart tissue and cause life-threatening injuries. Malformation of congenital anomalies due to shape and dysfunction; physical abnormalities in the organs such as the heart are called defects, physical deformities are called deformities. Congenital anomalies are seen in 3% to 5% of newborn infants.
Risk factors in congenital anomalies;
- Brothers have a disorder
- Birth-related disorder in the family
- Drugs used during pregnancy
- Late (over 35 years) pregnancy
Most common congenital anomalies
A defect in the diaphragm is caused by the fact that some of the organs located in the abdominal cavity enter the chest cavity and become herniated. It is possible that the case is mildly uneventful without interruption resulting in interruption.
Thin and Thick Bars
The newborn is caused by a common intestinal obstruction. Teedavileri should be done without losing time.
Congenital Cystic Adenoid Malformation
If there are extraordinary cysts in the lungs, they can be diagnosed and treated immediately after birth.
Tiroglossal cyst, Brankial cyst and sinuses
These cysts on the front or side of the boynun are felt by a small mass that is touched by hand. It is surgically removed.
Esophageal Atresia and Tracheo-Esophageal Fistulas
It occurs when the food intake is blocked or does not develop. The diagnosis is made immediately after birth, and the treatment must be done without losing time.
Abdominal wall anomalies
It is caused by developmental disturbances of abdominal wall and primitive intestines. Omphalocele and gastroschisis are two distinct types. Surgical or conservative treatments can be performed according to the type and condition of the baby.
Hirschsprung Disease / Megacolon
There is no nerve cell at the end of the thick gut. It occurs as partial or complete intestinal obstruction. Surgical treatment is diagnosed in neonatal period or at any stage of life.
Posterior Urethral Valv
It is the case that the end of the urine is congested at the beginning of the urinary tract. Treatment is surgery.
If it is not congenial or it is closed. Treatment is a single or stage surgeon according to the defect’s shape.
Congenital Kidney Anomalies and Uretero-Pelvic Complexity
It is caused by problems during the development of the urogenital system. The treatment is surgical or conservative depending on the type and severity of the anomaly.
The urinary puncture should be lower than the penis should be at the tip, the circumference of the penis in the back of the penis in the style of the penis but not in the front part and the penis shaft at a certain degree when the forward curve is seen. The treatments are the surgeon.
Bladder Extrophy, Epispadias
There is no incontinence in the mother’s womb. Pre-natal detection is not possible. Surgical treatment should be done without loss of time.
The appearance of the external genitalia of Yenidoğan is doubtful about being a girl or a man. Proper diagnosis and treatment must be performed before the time passes.